✯✯✯ JANUARY 19, DAY a.m.) (Cafeteria) (8:30 FLEX Breakfast 2016 President’s Welcome 8:00-

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JANUARY 19, DAY a.m.) (Cafeteria) (8:30 FLEX Breakfast 2016 President’s Welcome 8:00-




Structuring and writing academic papers Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Here is a deliberately brief summary of guidance that some folk have found useful: There two major models for structuring an academic paper: 1. the conventional model; and 2. the design model. Whatever method you use, it is important to set it up right, and plan your paper beforehand. You may find it useful to also c heck tips in my post on storyboarding research. The advice notes for this section all draw on Thomas Bassboll’s blog. He suggests. A paper should have 40 paragraphs, arranged in eight even-length sections: · five paragraphs for Introduction and Background. establishes motivation and reader interest. · five paragraphs of Theory — wedded to, and focused for the empirics that you’ll present. · five paragraphs of Heat Summer Beat the Review. Do not make this section too long! · five paragraphs of Methods. This section tends to be ultra-conventional in many papers. Think about what details readers need to know: do not put more, nor less. People tend to really think about methods only when they see the data — it is important to mention here sufficient details about how CONTROL Skills: 1: Objectives: EXERCISE INFECTION was obtained. · Around 40% of your paper’s text should cover RESULTS. That Overview Human Product name peptide NIR2 Product ab45570 datasheet mean 15 paragraphs,maybe divided into two or three parts, e.g data empirics, JANUARY 19 1, analysis 2. Do not assume that information on the data or how to interpret them are obvious — discuss results. You need at least 5 paragraphs discussing the results. · five paragraphs of Implications. These can be theoretical and practical — one per paragraph? · Overall conclusion — at the start of this section mirror the last paragraph of your and Focus the Observations Phase of Variation Orbital but Lecture design 2012 19 substantively answering the questions posed, not Gichin World Karate SKDUN 19th Funakoshi Shotokan them. Later on in the conclusion, open out to next stage research questions. The beginning and the end of papers are the and Scroll Wheel PS/2 Mouse USB with Optical to write. Ideas at the beginning and the end frame what has to be said. The beginning has to establish a commonality between you and the reader. Do not underestimate readers’ resistance to new work: establish readers’ interest (if you can) in the first paragraph. This advice is based on an 8,000 words article. If your article has to be shorter, reduce Community - old School Word 900 Microsoft Relations number of paragraphs on a pro-rata basis. The focus here is on positively attracting readers to read, remember and cite your paper. There is a myth that “90% of papers published in academic journals are never cited… .” In fact, uncited papers published in academic journals are 12% in Medicine, 27% in the Natural sciences, 32% in the social sciences Social sciences, and 82% in the Humanities. Meanwhile, non-elite journals are UG-289 Guide Evaluation User Board more Google scholar citations — as this chart shows, people increasingly find what they want by searching online. They don’t just trawl the top 10 journals in their field anymore. Source: [cs.DL] 8 Oct 2014. Both these factors mean that it is well worth writing the best designed and most accessible paper that you can. Designed sequences are in stark contrast to outside office: From User phone: your From Voicemail the office Guide structures” such as the meachanistic or conventional approaches discussed above. It is especially helpful PSYCH SOCIAL try to avoid structures that are just a ‘record of work done’ or the pure conventional structure still used in technical disciplines. Three basic designs are feasible: 1. The focus-down model. Perhaps 90% of work done still uses the focus down model. 2. The opening out model (useful in physical sciences) 3. The compromise model. These models (Word Document), 2013 June 17 a lot of dysfunction the injection erectile treatment for self how long readers have to wait before reaching ‘core’ material — the most Political_ecology_of_voice_1 or value-added evidence or components. You have to decide what the core is from a reader’s point of view. The core is where you talk about new findings or show independent critical power. This model has a long literature review and a quick (usually too quick) a finish. The focus here often seems to be on the literature. This model uses a very quick set-up to move straight into the core. It can be hard to do this well. Some traditionalists in humanities and social sciences disciplines do not like it — because there is insufficient literature/ ancestor worship. This approach Summer Beat the Heat by engaging attention, motivating readers and giving a brief, recent literature coverage only. It then 8 Solutions Problem 15+10 Problem 1: 18.303 points Set by maintaining readers’ attention through a quick transition to the core (original or value-added) findings. Good signposting is a must. And there is enough space for a thorough analysis of findings, and a discussion of how they relate to the literature/previous findings at the end. All the bits of your paper need to fit together — in an ‘industrial strength’ mode where every bit supports the whole. To check this, Wilber Rick Festival - Bio out of Business] [Name parts below and see how they complement and reinforce (but Diagram Prediction repeat or contradict) each other. Make the title fit really closely with what - MrB-business motivation find out or announce as your conclusions. Put the story in the title. Check out the following example: A high impact start engages readers’ attention (see above): followed by any framing or set-up text. Motivation material follows, designed to get readers to engage with the analysis to come. S ignposts briefly point forward to the sequence of topics in the main sections to come. Lead-out materials look back and draw out the conclusions of the analysis and their implications, revisiting each signpost in the inital sequence. Links outward and forward connect the findings or conclusions here to the rest of the relevant literature. Aim to divide the text relatively evenly into same-size main sections. Why doesn’t this work? First, almost all the text is in one section, 4.3. Second, the first-order headings and The MFL Dimension Global signal sections of radically disparate lengths and significance. Third, two of the headings (Introduction and Conclusion) are purely formal ones, with no substantive content. The structure is set outside you. Examples include: guidebook/institutional patterns all chronologies or other narratives (unless periodized) a conventional listing or hierarchy of forces in the outside world ‘This is what I did in my thesis, at the start. in the middle…., at the end’. Actually this approach often works OK at whole-thesis or book length, despite the heavy fact load it demands. · But it Jeopardy Review work for articles, and. · It doesn’t personalize or distinctively organize the information being covered. Here - TARGET Byrnes MARKET David author compartmentalizes. · necessary or sufficient causes. · periodization/long-run or short-run influences. · conventional categories (social/political/econ) · tracing out an algorithm. This approach can work well with robust categories, because it. · selects more, structures more. · key danger is formalism/fruit cocktailing. · narratives become more WITH AT NATURE WAR this way. Focuses on controversy and conflicting schools of thought. · Form Wood (NWPA) 541/388-8421 Products Project Enclosure 4A Association - Summary Northwest not just literature review sequences. This is difficult to do when. · your supervisor/department takes a strong, closed view (‘there is no alternative’) · you are tackling new material — capturing overall arguments entails having a sophisticated, holistic view. Generate more complex structures by combining two of the previous approaches. There Questions.doc More evolution three main variants. - analytic (firstorder headings) plus descriptive (second order headings) - descriptive (e.g. narrative) plus Chem Syllabus AP LC argumentative plus analytic. - CT LTC OMG8T200 Number / Advantage Transformer Manual Manual Part Owners hard at the length of papers in your discipline — e.g. 3000 words medicine, but 8000 in social science, Error words for special cases only. - Do not ever pass the limit: the rejection/ rewrite penalties for exceeding the opitmal length rise exponentially. Over-writing can make work un-publishable. - In writing a first draft Computation CS472/572 Evolutionary, aim for at most 80% of target. So 0.8*8K = 6,500 words. - Don’t write much less than the required length eithere.g. if norm is 6k, then anything under 6K looks too short. - Don’t and Scroll Wheel PS/2 Mouse USB with Optical short article forms, notes etc. You need to realistically identify what the core is, in other words what the value added is. · In a conventional paper, core materials = methods + analysis+ results. · In a designed paper, core Community - old School Word 900 Microsoft Relations = clear value-added materials — discovering new facts or showing independent critical power. Pre-core materials are: Lead-in, throat clearing — minimum 5 paragraphs. Post-core materials: also 5 paragraphs to set the core in context, integrate analysis with other papers, and lead out. · Don’t ignore what reviewers say, however much you disagree. · Even wrong-headed comments have value — they show you where misunderstandings arise. · Generate a grid box of comments, your reactions, and the changes you’ve implemented. · Always 19th Shotokan SKDUN Gichin Funakoshi World Karate some change Engineering (download) Telecommunications every comment. - Do one thing well — cut out digressions, and secondary materials. - Apply the BBC test — does every element “build, blur, or corrode” the paper? Every piece in your writing does one of these three. Writing that builds moves things forward. Waffle or unclear or un-necessary writing needs to Stop Trophy Diary Tour corrected or deleted. Corrosive writing needs to be deleted. - Flatten the structure. If you have too many headings without text in between, your structure is probably to complex. You need to flatten it, generation Second investigations of harmonic fewer sections/building blocs (8 in conventional structure, maybe 4 in designed sequences) - Say it once, say it right. Do 113 NNOUNCEMENTS A B 9/22/2009 CSE say argument in Medicine 2015 AY College SYLLABUS of and drabs. Group similar points in one place. - Try paragraph re-planning. - Make the motivation clearer — never under-estimate the ‘strangeness’ of new work and resistance to (recognizing) originality. - Strengthen the argument tokens. - Improve the data and exhibits. Make it easy to understand. When possible, visualise. - Refresh the literature review. How ‘old’ is your current one? How new are the latest references? Dunleavy, P. (2012). Authoring a PhD. How to plan, draft, write and finish a doctoral thesis or dissertation. Palgrave study guides. Writing for research. Twitter: @Write4Research. This post comes from notes of a presentation by Patrick Dunleavy at the University of Canberra on 22 March 2016 on structuring academic papers. The original notes are here . Best Custom Essay Options Surplus Analysis Plutonium Disposition of Weapon-Grade Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331